Anemia is a dangerous illness that affects cats. It is often brought on due to an underlying medical condition that requires prompt treatment. A deficiency of red blood cells and hemoglobin found in the blood is known as anemia. The most prevalent blood cell type within the body is the red blood cells, which supply oxygen to the body’s tissues and organs.
The loss of red blood cells in an animal suffering from anemia means that organs receive less oxygen. This decreased oxygen flow to organs and tissues may cause organ damage or failure. Anemia can be extremely dangerous and potentially fatal.
Anemia in Cats
Anemia or a chronic illness could be a temporary issue that lasts only one occasion. Anemia also varies in severity from moderate with no apparent clinical indications to life-threatening. Therefore, cat anemia’s severity and root causes influence how it is addressed. Consult a veterinary radiologist to get more information.
Red blood cell loss destruction, loss, or insufficient production are all causes of anemia, which is characterized by a drop in red blood cells. Regenerative and non-regenerative anemias are the two kinds that can be observed in our feline companions.
If regenerative anemia is present, the bone marrow responds correctly by attempting to make more red blood cells to replenish the ones which have been destroyed. The sudden loss of blood resulting from an accident, parasites, an infection, or a severe illness can cause regenerative anemia (such as cancer). Younger cats are more commonly affected by this type of anemia.
Kidney failure is the main reason behind non-regenerative anemia among cats. Anemia develops when the cat’s body cannot replace red blood cells as quickly as it can use them due to kidney malfunction.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of anemia in the cat depending on their severity and the cause of the sickness. Shortness of breath, lethargy, or a decreased appetite is all signs of anemia in most cats.
In more severe instances, your cat could exhibit pale or white gums, an elevated heart rate, or weakening. Contact your vet as fast as possible for an evaluation If your cat is showing any of these symptoms.
Red blood cell counts that are lower in blood samples taken from a cat are evidence of anemia. It will be simpler to determine the probable reason for the anemia if it’s known whether it is regenerative or non-regenerative. Additional tests are frequently required to determine the specific cause of the various types of anemia because there are so many potential reasons behind it. Check here to learn more.
Anemia will be treated both symptomatically and supportively. When the anemia is very severe, supportive therapy may involve pet blood or plasma transfusion. Understanding the donor’s and recipient’s blood group is essential in cats, the same way it is for humans so that you can ensure that the two blood types are compatible.
Different treatments are available in response to the root source of the anemia. The course of treatment for your cat will be based on the cause of the anemia, the severity, and various other features of your cat’s health.
The most effective way to avoid anemia is to stay away from the causes when possible. One strategy to help prevent anemia is to utilize all-year-round medications to control parasites and protect pets from the bite of fleas, ticks, and worms. A nutritious diet and keeping poisonous substances away from your pet’s reach can also stop anemia from developing.